How does one avoid Diabetes, are there foods one can eat to keep away diabetes, what should one do to prevent diabetes if it runs in one’s family, how does one avoid diabetes in children? All these questions and more shall be answered in the following article.
Diabetes Milletus or diabetes for short is a disease that affects millions of people all around the world. In America, 29.1 million people suffer from diabetes, 8.1 million of whom don’t even know they have it. Each year in the U.S it causes up to 70,000 deaths, contributes to thousands more and is a leading cause of blindness, kidney failure and heart disease.
In 2007 in the United States, over $116 billion was spent on diabetes treatment and an additional $58 billion lost due to reduced productivity. By 2012 these numbers had risen to $176 billion for direct medical costs and $69 billion for indirect cost like disability, work loss and premature death. Fast forward to 2015 and it is no gainsaying that the situation must quite clearly be worse.
In the United Kingdom, about 3.8 million people have diabetes with the situation no better in countries like China (92 million Chinese adults), India (62 million adults). Globally, at present growth rates, it is estimated that the number of people diagnosed with diabetes will rise from 285 million in 2010 to 439 million by the year 2030. Truly then, one might say that diabetes is a Glucofort disease of epidemic proportions.
But what exactly is diabetes? To answer this question it is important to first know how the body works.
The body needs energy to function properly. A rich source of this is carbohydrates which the body converts to glucose – a simple sugar form it can readily use. Ordinarily when glucose is absorbed into the bloodstream in this way, the hormone insulin is equally released and it functions to enable the glucose pass into the cells for energy production.
Unfortunately under certain circumstances, the body is unable to make enough of this insulin or to where it does make enough, properly use it. This is what is known as diabetes. There are two types. Type 1-caused by the auto-immune response of the immune system attacking the pancreas and destroying the insulin making cells of the organ. It makes up about 5-10% of diagnosed diabetes cases.
Type 2, in which though the pancreas still makes insulin, the body has lost sensitivity to it and no longer responds to it properly (makes up about 90% diagnosed diabetes cases). The result of both types is that glucose can’t get into the cells normally. As such blood sugar level rises and if left untreated leads to medical complications. Accordingly, it is imperative as with most diseases that one, looks towards prevention rather than cure.
As far as Type 1 diabetes goes, the prevailing wisdom is that it can’t be prevented. In fact, for now, it can’t even be predicted who will or won’t get it. Evidence however suggests that there may be a genetic predisposition to it. A genetic predisposition to the disease though is not ordinarily enough to trigger it. What triggers it in most cases is an external factor- a virus for example, as in the case of a child.
Having said this, research does show that breastfeeding, avoiding early introduction of solid foods and other factors might play a role in lowering the risk of developing the disease.
That is for type 1. For Type 2 though, prognosis for prevention is rosier. Since Type 2 is predisposed on the body losing its sensitivity to insulin, there are several steps one can take to prevent this from happening or where it does happen, to even reverse it. These follow;
First, eat a healthy balanced diet.